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g2gp 17-01-2009
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Appendix 3: Information standards #

Art and Architecture Thesaurus — produced by the Getty Information Institute and searchable over the World Wide Web. An invaluable tool for standardised description of material culture, architecture, and art in the western world from prehistory to the present.

English Heritage National Monuments Record Thesauri — available on-line and includes the Thesaurus of Monument Types, mda Archaeological Objects Thesaurus, Thesaurus of Building Materials and Maritime Thesauri.

INSCRIPTION — is a collection of wordlists and thesauri which are maintained or recommended by FISH, the Forum on Information Standards in Heritage.

Intra-governmental Group on Geographic Information, Principles of Good Metadata Management — An IGGI Working Group was established to prepare a best practice guide for the management of metadata and to increase the amount and currency of metadata held on the askGiraffe Data Locator. This Guide (Adobe Acrobat: 285kb) gives advice on the collection, management and dissemination of appropriate metadata and provides officials responsible for information handling with general guidance on managing metadata.

Rules for the Construction of Personal, Place and Corporate Names — The National Council on Archives 1997 guide to the recording of name information in archives. These rules include guidance on the use of non-current place names, and other issues of relevance to the archaeological community. Available from http://www.hmc.gov.uk/nca/title.htm.

SPECTRUM: The UK Documentation Standard — Created by the mda in 1994 as a standard for documenting museum collections, its use is required for registration with the Museum and Galleries Commission.

TGN — The Thesaurus of Geographic Names is a project of the Getty Information Institute, aiming to create a powerful resource holding information on names of inhabited places, regions and geographic features both now and in the past. Importantly, TGN is holding these names within a hierarchy, such that it may be determined that a town lies within a country, that country within a continent, etc.

Union List of Artist Names — produced by the Getty Information Institute and made available on-line, the ULAN offers a way to control the recording of names for over 100,000 artists and architects.

Criteria for Evaluating Heritage Multimedia — The CIDOC Multimedia Working Group, chaired by Jennifer Trant, is working on a draft set of criteria for evaluating heritage multimedia resources.

JISC/TLTP Copyright Guidelines — This document, available as a pdf file, is targeted at the HE audience and covers a wide range of copyright issues in electronic media. A very useful document for reference.

Simple Subject Headings — Designed by the mda for use in small museums, this tool helps control terminology used to classify museum collections. Four broad categories are included: community life, domestic and family life, personal life, and working life. This is a simplified subset of the mda's Social History and Industrial Classification.

wordHOARD — The mda wordHOARD site provides connections to all manner of standards including the: International Association of Egyptologists' Multilingual Egyptological Thesarus, the Aquarelle Initiative and Term-IT .

BS 7666 — British Standard 7666 specifies the manner in which address information should be specified, and is likely to prove extremely important within Local Government and the Utilities. Archaeologically, it may prove most useful in the consistent provision of address information for Listed Buildings, etc.

FGDC — the United States Federal Geographic Data Committee's Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata is, perhaps, the best known and established of geospatial data standards, the current version having been first released in 1994, and updated in 1998. This standard underpins much of the US Federal Government's work with geospatial data, and is also used by other collectors of spatial data.