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g2gp 17-01-2009
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Introduction to the Basic Components Section#

This following chapters aim to provide an overview of digitally archiving a number of commonly used file types that could be generated by almost any archaeological project. These chapters look at the types of digital archives that are commonly created as part of standard archaeological fieldwork and post-excavation processes and make recommendations about how these digital files should be archived. Although written primarily from the perspective of isolated file types, such files are commonly components of much larger project workflows involving numerous other techniques and, as such, will reference archiving an excavation project, all other forms of archaeological fieldwork, such as field survey, can easily be fitted into the archiving scheme presented in this guide.

The other guides produced by the Archaeology Data Service in this series concentrate either upon archiving digital data produced by specific techniques, such as the products of Aerial or Remote Sensing, CAD or Geophysical surveys or upon analytical and data management techniques, such as Databases or Geographical Information Systems. Recommendations held in these guides are referred to in this guide, Digital Archives from Excavation and Fieldwork, and should be consulted where appropriate.

It is important to recognise that this guide provides information concerning how to prepare and deposit digital material in a digital archive. Although it provides some recommendations concerned with the facilities and procedures for the creation and maintenance of a digital archive, these are covered more fully in the Arts and Humanities Data Service's Managing Digital Collections series of publications that is available online. Equally, this Guide to Good Practice is written to address archaeological practice in the United Kingdom, although (where possible) it makes recommendations that are applicable internationally.The ADS is part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service which caters for digital archiving needs across the humanities disciplines of archaeology, history, literary studies, performing and visual arts. Each AHDS Service Provider takes responsibility for advising on good practice in the creation, management, preservation, and re-use of digital information widely used in its subject area and are each publishing their own Guides to Good Practice. The most up-to-date information on the other guides in the AHDS series is available online.